Greek philosophy quotations as metaphors during therapy: A theoretical suggestion for the enrichment of metaphorical disputation during Rational Emotive and Behavior Therapy (REBT)
Chrysoula Kostogiannis (Ph.D., RECBT)
Hellenic American University, Athens, Greece
Demetris Katsikis (Ph.D., RECBT)
Hellenic Institute for RE&CBT, Athens, Greece
According to REBT research, core beliefs mediate or/and moderate the relationship between events and the human output (emotions, behaviors, cognitions). REBT uses an array of emotive, behavioral and cognitive techniques to boost change by motivating people to endorse rational beliefs through disputational processes. One of the most highlighted but not frequently used therapeutic technique is metaphorical disputing that is officially proposed by REBT scholars to be used during therapy as an alternative way of disputation. Metaphor is a type of analogy and is closely related to other rhetorical figures of speech that achieve their effects via association, comparison or resemblance including allegory and hyperbole. Metaphors are usually used in REBT with children and adolescents through tales and other stories but are not systematically used in therapy with adults. The purpose of this study is to promote a theoretical suggestion for the practical use of ancient Greek quotations as metaphors during REBT process in adults. More specifically, this poster aspires to promote the idea that ancient Greek quotations are potentially effective tools during metaphorical disputation, especially for those clients that struggle with life downing beliefs. This strategy might also offer a new way for approaching resistant clients plus those clients who are more prone to intellectual insight rather than emotional one. An initial rationale is proposed for the appropriate use of specific quotations of key Greek philosophers in a REBT therapeutic setting. Further suggestions include initial efforts to make theoretical connections between ancient Greek quotations with specific core beliefs while ideas for programmatic research are offered.